Monday, May 20, 2019

Builder Design Pattern

Builder Design Patterns

The definition of Builder Pattern provided by Gang of Four book on Design Patterns states:
Separate the construction of a complex object from its representation so that the same construction process can create different representations.



package com.shubh.builder.pattern;

public final class User {

 // required
 private final String firstName;
 // required
 private final String lastName;
 // required
 private final String email;
 private final int age;
 private final String phone;
 private final String address;

 private User(UserBuilder builder) {
  this.firstName = builder.firstName;
  this.lastName = builder.lastName;
  this.email = builder.email;
  this.age = builder.age;
  this.phone = builder.phone;
  this.address = builder.address;
 }

 public String getFirstName() {
  return firstName;
 }

 public String getLastName() {
  return lastName;
 }

 public int getAge() {
  return age;
 }

 public String getPhone() {
  return phone;
 }

 public String getAddress() {
  return address;
 }

 public String getEmail() {
  return email;
 }

 @Override
 public String toString() {
  return "User [ First Name:" + this.firstName + ", Last Name: " + this.lastName + ", Email: " + this.email
    + ", Age: " + this.age + ", Phone: " + this.phone + ", Address: " + this.address + "]";
 }

 public static class UserBuilder {
  private final String firstName;
  private final String lastName;
  private final String email;
  private int age;
  private String phone;
  private String address;

  public UserBuilder(String firstName, String lastName, String email) {
   // as firstName, lastName, email are required fields
   this.firstName = firstName;
   this.lastName = lastName;
   this.email = email;
  }

  public UserBuilder age(int age) {
   this.age = age;
   return this;
  }

  public UserBuilder phone(String phone) {
   this.phone = phone;
   return this;
  }

  public UserBuilder address(String address) {
   this.address = address;
   return this;
  }

  // Return the finally consrcuted User object
  public User build() {
   User user = new User(this);
   validateUserObject(user);
   return user;
  }

  private void validateUserObject(User user) {
   // Do some code here for basic validations if required
  }
 }
}

Now test UserBuilder.

package com.shubh.builder.pattern;

public class UserBuilderTest {

 public static void main(String[] args) {
  
  // Create user with all attributes.
  User user1 = new User.UserBuilder("Sandeep", "kumar", "sandeep@xyz.com")
    .age(30).phone("1234567")
    .address("Test address 1234")
    .build();

  System.out.println(user1);

  // Create user without address.
  User user2 = new User.UserBuilder("Pankaj", "xyz", "pankaj@xyz.com")
    .age(40)
    .phone("5655")
    // no address
    .build();

  System.out.println(user2);

  // Create user only with required attributes
  User user3 = new User.UserBuilder("Admin", "Test", "admin@xyz.com")
    // No age
    // No phone
    // no address
    .build();

  System.out.println(user3);
 }
}
Output of above program.

User [ First Name:Sandeep, Last Name: kumar, Email: sandeep@xyz.com, Age: 30, Phone: 1234567, Address: Test address 1234]
User [ First Name:Pankaj, Last Name: xyz, Email: pankaj@xyz.com, Age: 40, Phone: 5655, Address: null]
User [ First Name:Admin, Last Name: Test, Email: admin@xyz.com, Age: 0, Phone: null, Address: null]
Q- When to use Builder Desing Pattern?

Q- What is the difference between builder and factory pattern? Or  builder Vs factory pattern?

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